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㈠ 词汇与语法 （PART II: VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR）
㈡ 完型填空（PART III:CLOZE）
㈢阅读理解（PARTIV: READING COMPREHENSION）
㈣写作（PART I: WRITING）
综合英语考试 试卷 （A卷）
1． Grammar and Vocabulary（每小题1分，共30分）
Directions: There are 25 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
一、 When he was here last year, our new library_____.
A. was building B. has been built
C. was being built D. was to build
二、 Most people ____to the conference next month are famous scientists.
A. been invited B. to be invited
C. being invited D. inviting
三、 The students strongly objected to _____ as teenagers.
A. be treated B. treating
C. treat D. being treated
四、 At no time _____ his name at the party.
A. did she ever mention B. she even mentioned
C. ever did she mention D. she ever mentions
五、 With so many people around, he found it difficult to leave the hall_____.
A. without noticing B. not noticing
C. unnoticed D. not noticeable
六、 If you had done as I told you to do, this _____.
A. would not have happened B. did not happen
C. should have not happened D. had not happened
2． Reading Comprehension（每小题1分，共30分）
Directions: There are 5 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
There are various ways in which individual economic units can interact with one another. Three basic ways may be described as the market system, the administered system, and the traditional system.
In a market system individual economic units are free to interact with each other. It is possible to buy commodities from other economic units or sell commodities to them. In a market, transactions may take place via barter or money exchange for a sailboat may not always be an easy task. Hence, the introduction of money as a medium of exchange eases transactions considerably. In the modern market economy, goods and services are bought or sold for money.
An alternative to the market system is administrative control by some agency over all transactions. This agency will issue edicts or commands as to how much of each kind of goods and services should be produced, exchange, and consumed by each economic unit. Central planning may be one way of administering such an economy. This central plan, drawn up by government, shows amounts of each commodity produced by the various firms and allocated to different households for consumption. This is an example or complete planning of production, consumption, and exchange for the whole economy.
In a traditional society, production and consumption patterns are governed by tradition: every person’s place with –in the economic system is fixed by parentage, religion, and custom. Transactions take place on the basis of tradition, too. People belonging to a certain group of caste may have an obligation to care for other persons, provide them with food and shelter, care for their health, and provide for their education. Clearly, in a system where every decision is made on the basis of tradition alone, progress may be difficult to achieve, a stagnant society may result.
1. What is the main purpose of the passage?
A. To outline contrasting types of economic system
B. To explain the science of economics
C. To argue for the superiority of one economic system
D. To compare barter and money—exchange markets
2. In the second paragraph, the word“real”in “real goods”could best be replaced by which of the following?
A. high quality
3. According to the passage, a barter economy can lead to________.
A. rapid speed of transactions
D. difficulties for the traders
4. According to the passage, who has the greatest degree of control in an administered system?
A. Individual households
B. Small businesses
C. Major corporations
D. The government
5. Which of the following is not mentioned by the author as a criterion for determining a person’s place in a traditional society?
A. Family background
C. Religious belief
Directions: Decide which of the choices given below complete the passage correctly if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) . You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Most worthwhile careers require some kind of specialized training. Ideally, therefore, the choice of an 1 should be made even before the choice of a curriculum in high school. Actually, 2 , most people make several job choices during their working lives，3 because of economic and industrial change and partly to improve 4 positions. The “one perfect job” does not exist. Young people should 5 enter into a broad flexible training program that will 6 them for a field of work rather than for a single 7 .
Unfortunately many young people have to make career plans 8 benefit of help from a competent vocational counselor or psychologist. Knowing 9 about the occupational world, or themselves for that matter, they choose their lifework on a hit-or-miss 10 . Some drift from job to job. Others 11 to work in which they are unhappy and for which they are not flitted.
One common mistake is choosing an occupation for 12 real or imagined prestiges. Too many high-school students choose the professional field, 13 both the relatively small proportion of workers in the professions and the extremely high educational and personal 14 . The imagined or real prestige of a profession or a “white collar” job is15 good reason for choosing it as a life’s work.16 , these occupations are not always well paid. Since a large proportion of jobs are in mechanical and manual work, the 17 of young people should give serious18 to these fields.
Before making an occupational choice, a person should have a general idea of what he wants19 life and how hard he is willing to work to get it. Some people desire social prestige, others intellectual satisfaction. Some want security; others are willing to take 20 for financial gain. Each occupational choice has its demands as well as its rewards.
1. A) identification B) entertainment C) occupation D) accommodation
2. A) therefore B) however C) though D) thereby
3. A) entirely B) mainly C) largely D) partly
4. A) its B) his C) their D) our
5. A) therefore B) since C) furthermore D) forever
6. A) fit B) make C) take D) leave
7. A) way B) job C) means D) company
8. A) to B) for C) with D) without
9. A) few B) little C) much D) a lot
10. A) basis B) chance C) purpose D) opportunity
11. A) apply B) appeal C) turn D) stick
12. A) its B) our C) your D) their
13. A) concerning B) following C) disregarding D) considering
14. A) requirements B) preferences C) tendencies D) ambitions
15. A) a B) any C) the D) no
16. A) Therefore B) However C) Moreover D) Nevertheless
17. A) mass B) majority C) minority D) multitude
18. A) proposal B) suggestion C) appraisal D) consideration
19. A) towards B) against C) without D) out of
20. A) turns B) parts C) risks D) choices
Directions: Write an essay of 200~250 words on the topic of “How to Protect Our Environment?” Discuss at least three ways to protect our environment. You should present your points of view clearly. Write your essay on the Answer Sheet.