2019-12-03 15:24 点击:次 【字号



英  语(公共课)试题
PartⅠ Vocabulary and Structure(30%)
1.       That he had passed ___ health examination, he immediately made ___ call to his parents.
A. a; /    B. the; /    C. the; a    D. a; the
2.       ____ you are, friends are an important part of life at every stage.
A. Whatever    B. Whenever    C. Wherever    D. Whoever
3.       Although we waited more than half an hour. Mary didn’t turn ____ at the conference room.
A. over    B. in    C. up    D. out
4.       Maria hadn’t seen me for a few years, but she ____ my voice on the phone immediately.
A. realized    B. recognized     C. repeated    D. reminded
5.       The student needed a letter of ____ to apply for the post of a secretary.
A. invitation    B. recommendation    C. register    D. inquiry
6.       He is well-prepared for the presentation about the new project and feels ____ that the head of department will like his idea.
A. concerned    B. comfortable    C. confused    D. confident
7.       Tom’s mother was shocked that Tom had got head ____ in a car accident.
A. ache    B. damage    C. suffering    D. injury
8.       It was very late when we decided to travel on May Day holiday, but luckily we ____ to find a hotel at a reason able price.
A.     managed    B. wanted    C. tried    D. needed
9.       The famous writer, ____ writings for China Daily I appreciate a lot is invited to give a speech in our university.
A. that    B. whose    C. whom    D. who
10.   If people ____ over anxious about remembering something, they will forget it,
A. will be     B. would be    C. were    D. are
11.   We were very angry ____ Peter as he spoiled our picnic.
A. with    B. for    C. of    D. about
12.   The teenager is ____ to be a member of the basketball team.
A. very tall    B. tall enough    C. too tall    D. enough tall
13.   Finally, I have ____ interesting to share with you, and I am sure you will be interested in it .
A. everything    B. something    C. nothing    D. anything
14.   Since we have ____ money left, we can’t afford expensive computer.
A. a little    B. a few    C. little    D. few
15.   If you want to join our club, you ____ follow our rules.
A. can    B. may    C. might    D. must
16.   When Max rushed to the class, his classmates ____ exercises attentively.
A. did   B. have done   C. were doing    D. do
17.   The little girl recovered her strength when the drug ____ .
A.     come into effect              B. took effect        C. changed effect          D. put into effect
18.   Patrick bought her 2 handbags as gifts, but ____ of them was her style
A.    either        B. none C. neither       D. all
19.   ___his surprise, he got an offer of post graduate study from Beijing university
A.     In            B. To      C. For            D. With
20.   The boss required us to______ a recent photo to the application form via email
A.    attach    B. bring    C. take   D. print
21.   Bill Gates is often thought to be the richest man in the world_____, his personal life room.
A.    moreover  B. therefore    C. however           D. besides
22.   Mr. Lin____ to New York before, so the host family went to the airport to pick him up
A.     did they    B. do they      C. didn’t they               D. don’t they
23.   The government pays attention to improvement of the quality of water ____ daily life.
A.    use for      B. used for         C. used of              D. use of
24.   You’d better sing. It doesn’t ____ whether you can sing well or not.
B.    work  B. matter      C. problem     D. affect
25.   Since we lacked enough time and support, we didn’t know ____ to solve the problem
A.     when     B. why     C. where  D. how
26.   ______the opportunity to interview, the famous star made her overjoyed.
A.     Being provided     B. Having provided        C. To provide             D. Be provided
27.   We missed the last train to London, or we ____ more museums the day before yesterday.
A. had been visited                     B. would have visited
C. would visit                           D. had visited
28.   Your parents do not believe what you said about your future, ____?
A.    did they     B. do they     C. didn’t they      D. don’t they
29.   The daughter begged her father to give up smoking ____.
A.    in the course of    B. as a result of       C. by means of             D. for the sake
30.   The more the salesman explained, _____.
A.    the more I became bored       B. I became more bored
B.    more bore I became                     D. I became more bored
PartⅡ Reading Comprehension(40%)
    If you are going to be a straight talker, you have to believe that it’s a virtue.
    If you have an opinion and you just state it, it allows the other person to either try to change your opinion, or to agree with you. If you are quiet, people think you agree. How can you then further the conversation when you have different opinions and they are not really exposed? Agreeing is easy. Disagreeing takes more guts.
    Several years back, when I was CEO at a company, there was a very senior woman who was very smart and well spoken, but she did not wear appropriate clothes. It was distracting and she was not being taken seriously. I said to her manager, who was male, “You need to tell her.” He said, “Oh, no way.”
    So I called her in and directly stated what I thought was happening. I told her, “You’re not getting the respect you deserve.” I said, “Go to the store and get a personal shopper. Just say, ‘I’m a senior businessperson and need help dressing appropriately’”. She came back, and she was completely a different person. She said she felt really good. And her promotion went way up.
    Early in my business career, if people asked me a question, I’d try to answer it honestly. And that was rewarded. I had managers who wanted me around because I would actually tell them what was happening.
    I was raised by my grandma, and she was a pretty straight talker because she thought you could handle it. My advice is to be realistic. Being honest and truthful is part of being a good person.
31. The woman did not get promoted because she did not ____.
A. dress appropriately
B. take her work seriously
C. get on will with her colleagues
C. follow her manager’s instructions
32. The underlined phrase “take more guts” in paragraph 2 refers to ____.
A. demand more wisdom
B. attract more attention
C. take more courage
D. need more communication
33. According to the writer, talking in a straight allows one to ____.
A. become an opinion leader
B. make friends easily
C. become a respectable person
D. take further action
34. From the last paragraph, it can be inferred that the writer tends to talk frankly possibly due to the influence of
A. his workmates
B. his leaders
C. his friends
D. his family
35. Which of the following might be the best title of the passage?
A. Straight Talker
B. Different opinions
C. Agree or Disagree
D. Importance of speech.
Passage 2
    A punctual person is in the habit of doing a thing at the proper time and is never late in keeping an appointment.
    The unpunctual man, on the contrary, never does what he has to do at the proper time. He is always in a hurry and in the end loses both time and his good name. A lost thing may be found again, but lost time can never be regained. Time is more valuable than material things. In fact, time is life itself. The unpunctual man is forever wasting and mismanaging his most valuable asset(财产) as well as others’. The unpunctual person is always complaining that he finds no time to answer letters, or return calls or keep appointments promptly. But the man who really has a great deal to do is very careful of his time and seldom complains of want of it. He knows that he cannot get through huge amount of work unless he faithfully keeps every piece of work when it has to be attended to.
    Failure to be punctual in keeping one’s appointments is a sign of disrespect towards others. If a person is invited to dinner and arrives later than the appointed time, he keeps all the other guests waiting for him. Usually this will be regarded as a great disrespect to the host and all other guests present.
Unpunctuality, moreover, is very harmful when it comes to doing one’s duty, whether public or private. Imagine how it would be if those who are put in charge of important tasks failed to be at their proper place at the appointed time. A man who is known to be habitually unpunctual is never trusted by his friends or fellow men.
36. The main difference between a punctual person and an unpunctual person is that a punctual person ____
A. has lots of appointments while an unpunctual one has few appointments
B. does everything at the right time while an unpunctual one seldom does so
C. has much time to do everything while an unpunctual one has little time to anything
D. does everything ahead of time while an unpunctual one does everything behind the schedule
37. What’s the main reason why a person is always unpunctual according to the passage?
A. He doesn’t care much about time
B. he is much busier than other people
C. He is always in a hurry when he works
D. he always mismanages and wastes his time
38. The third paragraph is developed by giving____.
A. a fact
B. an opinion
C. an example
D. an evidence
39. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that ____.
A. an unpunctual person usually loses his friends
B. an unpunctual person often fails doing any important task
C. unpunctuality may result in fewer appointments and opportunities
D. unpunctuality may lead to heavy losses for both public and private affairs
40. What does the passage mainly talk about?
A. Valuable time
B. Popular appointment
C. Harm of unpunctuality
D. Advantage of punctuality
Passage 3
    Once upon a time, two brothers, Jack and Tom, who lived on neighboring farms fell into conflict. For the past 20 years, they had been on good terms farming side by side, sharing machinery, and trading labor and goods as needed. The dispute began with a small misunderstanding and grew into a major difference and finally exploded into an exchange of bitter words.
    One morning, there was a knock on Jack’s door. It was a carpenter looking for a few days' work. Jack offered him a job saying,” Look across the stream at that farm. That’s my neighbor. In fact, it’s my younger brother. There used to be a meadow between us. Last week he pulled down the dam on the small river and now there is a stream instead. Well, he may have done this to offend me, but I’ll do one better.”
    “See that pile of lumber (木材)by the house, I want you to build me a fence—an 8 foot fence.” The carpenter said ,” I think I understood the situation. Show me the nails  and the and I ‘ll post hole digger (打桩机)be able to do a job that satisfies you.”
    John had to go into town, so he helped the carpenter get the materials ready and then he was off for the day. The carpenter worked hard all that day measuring, sawing, nailing. About sunset when the farmer returned, the carpenter had just finished his job.
    John’s eyes opened wide, his jaw dropped. There was no fence there at all. It was a bridge--a bridge stretching from one side of the creek to the other! A fine piece of work! His younger brother, was coming towards them with his hands outstretched." You are quite a fellow to build this bridge after all I've said and done." The two brothers stood at each end of the bridge, and then they met in the middle, taking each other's hand.
    They turned to see the carpenter lift his toolbox on his shoulder. "No, wait! Stay a few days. I've a lot of other projects for you," said Jack. "I'd love to stay on," the carpenter said, "but, I have many more bridges to build."
41. In the past 20 years, Jack and Tom kept their relationship ___
A. serious
B. tense
C. distant
D. close
42. Jack decided to build a fence to ____
A. protect himself
B. fight back
C. please Tom
D. give in
43. What does the the underlined expression “quite a fellow” mean ____
A. A powerful man
B. A rich man
C. A generous man
D. A capable man
44. The carpenter built a bridge instead of a fence to help Jack and Tom ____
A. meet each other
B. store the lumber
C. regain brotherly affection
D. renew their business
45. What can we learn from the passage?
A. Better make friends than make enemies
B. A good friend brings a far land near
C. Family ties are closer than social relations
D. A tooth for a tooth
Passage 4
    Batteries can power anything from small sensors to large systems. While scientists are finding ways to make them smaller but even more powerful, problems can arise when these batteries are much larger and heavier than the devices themselves. University of Missouri(MU) researchers are developing a nuclear energy source that is smaller, lighter and more efficient.
    "To provide enough power, we need certain methods with high energy density", said Jae Kwon, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at MU. "The radioisotope (放射性同位素) battery can provide power density that is much higher than chemical batteries."
    Kwon and his research team have been working on building a small nuclear battery, presently the size and thickness of a penny, intended to power various micro / nanoelectromechanical systems (M/NEMS). Although nuclear batteries can cause concerns, Kwon said they are safe.
    "People hear the word 'nuclear' and think of something very dangerous," he said, "However, nuclear power sources have already been safely powering a variety of devices, such as pace-makers, space satellites and underwater systems."
    His new idea is not only in the battery's size, but also in its semiconductor(半导体). Kwon's battery uses a liquid semiconductor rather than a solid semiconductor.
    "The key part of using a radioactive battery is that when you harvest the energy, part of the radiation energy can damage the lattice structure of the solid semiconductor," Kwon said, "By using a liquid semiconductor, we believe we can minimize that problem."
    Together with J. David Robertson, chemistry professor and associate director of the MU Research Reactor, Kwon is working to build and test the battery. In the future, they hope to increase the battery's power, shrink its size and try with various other materials. Kwon said that battery could be thinner than the thickness of human hair.
46. The passage gets started by ____.
A. an introduction
B. an example
C. a question
D. a conclusion
47. What do you know about Jae Kwon?
A. He is teaching chemistry at MU
B. He developed a chemical battery.
C. he was good at computer engineering.
D. He is working on a nuclear energy source.
48. Which of the following is true according to paragraph 3 and 4?
A. The writer introduces methods of providing power density
B. The writer intends to describe a nuclear-powered system
C. The writer introduces nuclear batteries that can be safely used
D. The writer is likely to show chemical batteries are widely applied
49. Liquid semiconductor is sued to ____.
A. control the lattice structure
B, show the power of nuclear batteries
C. decrease the size of nuclear batteries
D. reduce the damage in lattice structure
50. The passage is most probably from a ____.
A. science news report
B. book review
C. science fiction novel
D. newspaper advertisement
PartⅢ Cloze(15%)
    Bill Fuller, the mailman, whistled cheerfully as he __51__up the hill towards Mrs. Carter’s house. His work for the day was almost __52__, and his bag, usually quite heavy when he started out on his rounds, was __53__ now except for the letter that he had to deliver to Mrs. Carter. She lived many blocks away, so when Bill had mail for her, he always finished his day’s work much __54__. He did not hate this though, because she never failed to ask him in for coffee and a piece of her special cake.
    When Bill got to Mrs. Carter’s house, he was __56__ that she did not work in the yard. She usually spent her afternoon when the weather was__57__. Bill went around to the back of the house,__58__ that she might be in the kitchen. The door was locked and the curtains were drawn. Puzzled, he returned to the front of the house and knocked loudly on the front door. There was no __59__. Bill thought that this was very strange because he knew that Mrs. Carter __60__ left the house. Just then he noticed that her bottle of milk. Which is always delivered early in the morning, was still on the porch. This__61__ him. If Mrs. Carter had not taken her milk, maybe she was __62__ . Bill walked around the house __63__ he found an open window. It was a __64__ window, but he got through successfully.
    He went into the hall. There he was almost stumbled(绊倒) over Mrs. Carter, who __65__ unconsciously at the foot of the stairs. Realizing that he needed to get help, he rushed out of the house, stopped a passing car and told the driver to go to the nearest telephone and call an ambulance.
51. A. walked             B. drove            C. wandered      D. drove
52. A. forgotten          B. started         C. finished        D. neglected
53. A. heavy                B. full              C. empty      D. handy
54. A. later                B. earlier           C. quicker       D. slower
55. A. lent                  B. sold              C. offered    D. borrowed
56. A. glad                 B. surprised        C. mad         D. angry
57.A. windy                B. fine               C. bad       D. rainy
58. A. thinking           B. seeing            C. finding         D. noticing
59. A. doubt             B. answer             C. chance        D. way
60. A. rarely             B. hardly                C. often       D. always
61. A. angered        B. worried              C. encouraged     D. bothered
62. A. sad                 B. busy                C. absent     D. sick
63. A. because         B. after                  C. as           D. until
64. A. small            B. large                  C. dark        D. clean
65. A. standing   B. crying                    C. trembling        D. lying

Part IV Writing(15%)
66. 小明大学毕业了,想组织一个毕业晚会,该晚会节目丰富多彩,该晚会有跳舞、唱歌、美食等,他打算邀请好朋友Alex参加他的毕业晚会,请帮其写一封毕业晚会邀请函。