2019-12-14 17:06 点击:
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本部分由两种题型构成：对错选择题和多项选择题。对错选择题要求考生从给出的陈述句中判断正确还是错误；多项选择题要求考生从四个选项中选出最佳答案。本部分共50小题，其中对错选择题15小题，即一小题1 分；多项选择题35小题，即一小题1 分。此部分总分值为50分。
1) 《英语阅读技巧与实践 1（基本阅读技巧）》（第四版），刘学明总主编，湖南师范大学出版社
2) 《英语阅读技巧与实践 5（批判性阅读）》（第四版），刘学明总主编，湖南师范大学出版社
Part I Sentence Understanding:20% (每小题1分 共20分)
1. The learned think themselves superior to the common herd.
A. People think they are better than others if they are educated.
B. The learned scholars regard themselves as the masters of shepherds and cattle dealers.
C. Scholars consider themselves the masters of humanity.
D. Intellectuals think they are better than the ordinary people.
2. Unless the application of a new discovery is clear and present, most are dubious of its value.
A. Most people will doubt the value of new discovery if its application is not clear and present.
B. The value of a new discovery is most dubious unless it can be applied clearly and presently.
C. Unless one clearly presents the application of a new discovery, its value will become most dubious.
D. The value of the application of a new discovery, unless it is clear and present, will be obscure to most people.
3. Really good cooks are few and far between.
A. Really good cooks are few and their relationship is remote.
B. Really good cooks are very few in number.
C. The competition between really good cooks is very keen.
D. The houses of really good cooks are widely separated.
Part II.Cloze Test 30%(每小题1.5分 共30分)
People who are studied a foreign language know that it can be one of life’s most 21_____experience;they also know how much effort it 22______.Faced with the prospect of endless hours of learning vocabulary, memorizing grammar rules, and practicing pronunciation, many people simply abandon23_____of ever achieving a high level of fluency. Over the years, many students and teachers have developed useful 24____to make language-learning smoother, faster and hopefully, more enjoyable.
Remembering vocabulary necessary to 25_____oneself in 26_____language is the difficulty that many learners say causes the most anxiety. Expert opinions differ on the specific number of words a second-language learner needs to know to achieve 27____,but they generally agree that it is several thousand. Although it is possible to learn the meaning and usage to a large number of 28_______, it can also be extremely time-consuming. One way that many teachers suggest accelerating the vocabulary-building is by using mnemonics.
21. A. rewarded B. rewarding C. reward D. rewards
22. A. makes B. gets C. offers D. takes
23. A. hope B. way C. method D. language
24. A. shortcuts B. grammar C. study D. time
25. A. say B. occur C. put D. express
26. A. same B. mother C. another D. his
27. A. master B. mastery C. level D. language
28. A. words B. information C. pronunciation D. reading
Part III.Reading Comprehension:(每小题1分共15分)
1. True or false questions:15%
(1) Lightwave Communication
The making of glass is very old industry, at least 4500 years old. Glass has many extraordinary qualities and it is frequently being used in new ways.
One of the most interesting uses for glass is in telephone communication. Scientists have developed glass fibres as thin as human hair which are designed to carry light signals. When the light reaches the other end, it is first changed into electrical signs which are in turn converted into sound messages.
Called lightwave communication, the new system was used successfully in an experiment in Chicago in 1997. During the experiment, two glass fibres were able to carry 672 conversation at the same time. The lightwave cable, containing 144glass fibres, has the capability to carry 50000conversation at the same time.
The lightwave communication system has two important advantages. First, the glass fibres cables are smaller and weigh less than copper cables. Second, they cost less.
Perhaps it can be said that telephone communication has entered the age of light!
Judge the following statements, whether they are true(T) or false(F):
41.According to the passage, people started to make glass no less than 4500 years ago.
42.One of the extraordinary qualities of glass is that it can carry electric signals.
43.Neither the light nor the electrical signals have to be changed in any way.
44.According to the passage,the new telephone communication system was put into actual use in 1997.
45.From the passage,you can tell that people glass fibre cables to copper cables, because, in comparison with copper wire, glass fibre is less expensive.
2. Choose the best answer according to the test.(每小题1分共35分)
In science the meaning of the word “explain” suffers with civilization ‘s every step in search of reality. Science cannot really explain electricity, magnetism, and gravitation; their effects can be measured and predicted , but of their nature no more is known to the modern scientist than to Thales who first speculated on the electrification of amber. Most contemporary physicists reject the notion that man can never discover what these mysterious forces “really” are. Electricity, Bertrand Russell says; “is not a thing, like St. Paul’s Cathedral; it is a way in which things behave. When we have told how things behave when they are electrified, and under what circumstances they are electrified, we have told all there is to tell.” Until recently scientists would have disapproved of such an idea. Aristotle, for example, whose natural science dominated Western thought fort two thousand years, believe that man could arrive at an understanding of reality by reasoning from self-evident principles. He felt, for example, that it is a self-evident principles that everything in the universe has its proper place, hence one can deduce that objects fall to the ground because that’s where they belong, and smoke goes up because that’s where it belongs. The goal of Aristotelian science was to explain why things happen. Modern science was born when Galileo began trying to explain how things happen and thus originated the method of controlled experiment which now forms the basis of scientific investigation.
79.The aim of controlled scientific experiments is ____
A. to explain why things happen
B. to explain how things happen
C. to describe self-evident principles
D. to support Aristotelian science
80.What principles most influenced scientific thought for two thousand years?
A. the speculation of Thales
B. the force of electricitiy, magnetism, and gravity
C. Aristote’s natural science
D. Galileo’s discoveries.
81. Bertrand Russell’s notion about electricity is______
A. disapproved of by most modern scientists.
B. in agreement with Aristote’s theory of self-evident principles.
C. in agreement with scientific investigation directed toward “how” things happen.
D. in agreement with scientific investigation directed toward “what” things happen.
82. The passage says that until recently scientists disagreed with the idea____
A. that there are mysterious forces in the universe.
B. that man cannot discover what forces “really” are.
C .that there are self-evident principles.
D. that we can discover why things behave as they do.